21 species of butterflies are endangered in the United States.butterflies image by Maciej Zatonski from Fotolia.com
Commence the petition process. Notify the Secretary of the Interior that you want to add an animal or plant to the Endangered Species List. Any interested party can initiate this process.
Pesticides have reduced populations of endangered woodpeckers.downy woodpecker, (picoides pubescens) image by Bruce MacQueen from Fotolia.com
Investigate habitat qualities that may affect the survival of the organism proposed for listing. These include degradation, destruction and/or over-utilization of native habitat.
Sea otters are listed federally as threatened, but are protected fully in California.otter image by Steve Mutch from Fotolia.com
Investigate detrimental biological factors affecting the proposed organism's population size such as disease, increased predation and reduced genetic fitness.
- 4). Evaluate the effectiveness of existing regulatory framework that protects the organism or its habitat.
Florida panthers' habitat is imperiled due to sea level rise induced by global warming.Puma image by Stefano Gruppo from Fotolia.com
Use this scientific information collected by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologists to determine the worthiness of the proposed listing.
- 6). Draft a formal proposal. Expose the proposal to review by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Interior Department personnel.
- 7). Schedule a public comment period during which input from citizens, the scientific community, and federal and state agencies is solicited.
- 8). Announce the decision not to list the species, or publish a final rule in the Federal Register regarding the listing status.